Bibliography B: Joachim and prophecy


van LEE, M.: Les idées d’Anselme de Havelberg sur le développement des dogmes;

IN : Analecta Praemonstratensia, vol.14 (Tongerloo 1938) pp.5-35.

Anselmus’ ideas on authority, the Trinity and progress.

ROUSSEAU, Olivier : La typologie augustinienne de l’Hexaéméron et la théologie du temps;

IN : Festgabe Joseph LORTZ, vol.2 (Glaube und Geschichte) (Baden-Baden 1958) pp.47-58.

This is about Augustine’s view of the six stages of history.

SCHEFFCZYK, Leo (tr. BOURBOULON, H.): La doctrine trinitaire, relative à l’économie du salut et son importance dogmatique chez Rupert de Deutz;

IN : BETZ, J. & FRIES H.(ed.) : Église et tradition (Le Puy 1963) pp.75-103.

Rupertus’ ideas on the work of the Trinity in redemption and in history.

SALET, Gaston (éd. & tr.): ANSELME de HAVELBERG: Dialogues, livre I: Renouveau dans l’Église (Sources chrétiennes no.118) (Paris 1966).

Introduction, Latin text and French translation, plus bibliography.

GRIBOMONT, Jean & de SOLMS, Élisabeth (éd. & tr.): RUPERT de DEUTZ: Les Oeuvres du Saint-Esprit (Sources chrétiennes nos.131 & 165) (Paris 1967 & 1970).

Introduction, Latin text and French translation of Books 1-4 of the final 9 books of Rupertus’ De Trinitate.

McGINN, Bernard : Visions of the End: Apocalyptic Traditions in the Middle Ages (New York 1979).

English translations, with commentary, of prophecies from the 5th to the 15th centuries, including some by Joachim.

BAUMGARTNER, Frederic J.: Longing for the End: a history of millennialism in Western civilisation (London 1999).

2nd century B.C. to the present, with a glossary of terms and bibliography. 


FOURNIER, Paul : Joachim de Flore, ses doctrines, son influence;

IN : Revue des questions historiques, vol.67 (nouv.série vol.23) (Paris janvier-juin 1900) pp.457-505.

He discusses Joachim’s desire for reform, his Trinitarian doctrine, his view of history, his orthodoxy and his influence.

TROUTBECK, G.E.: A Forerunner of St. Francis of Assisi;

IN : The Nineteenth Century and After, vol.52 (London July-Dec.1902) pp.140-152.

A thoughtful little study of Joachim, but devoid of references.

GRUNDMANN, Herbert: Studien über Joachim von Floris (Beiträge zur Kulturgeschichte des Mittelalters und der Renaissance no.32) (Leipzig 1927).

These studies concentrate on Joachim’s method of exegesis, his doctrine of history, his eschatology, his scholastic background and his later influence.

AEGERTER, Emmanuel : Joachim de Flore: l’Évangile Éternel (Les textes du christianisme nos 3-4) (Paris 1928) 2 vols. Vol.1: biography written in the style of a romance with many inaccuracies; vol.2: extracts translated into French, some from spurious works (+ bibliog.).

BETT, Henry : Joachim of Flora (London 1931).

This can make an introduction to his life and teachings, but the major part of the book deals with later Joachites.

BIGNAMI-ODIER, Jeanne : Travaux récents sur Joachim de Flore;

IN : Le Moyen Age, vol.58 (= sér.4, vol.7) (Bruxelles 1952) pp.145-161.

Mostly about the studies of Prof. Grundmann and Miss Reeves.

REEVES, Marjorie E. & HIRSCH-REICH, Beatrice: The Seven Seals in the Writings of Joachim of Fiore;

IN : Recherches de théologie ancienne et médiévale, vol.21 (Louvain 1954) pp.211-247.

This article contains the Latin text, with commentary, of the De Septem Sigillis and a review of Joachim’s pattern-making in this and other works.

BLOOMFIELD, Morton W.: Joachim of Flora: a Critical Survey of his Canon, Teachings, Sources, Biography and Influence;

IN : Traditio, vol.13 (New York 1957) pp.249-311.

Densely packed with information.

HIRSCH-REICH, Beatrice M.: Joachim von Fiore und das Judentum;

IN : Miscellanea Mediaevalia, vol.4 (Judentum im Mittelalter) (Berlin 1966) pp.228-263.

This considers Joachim’s contacts with Jews, their place in his system, and whether he was himself a convert from Judaism.

WEST, Delno C. & ZIMDARS-SWARTZ, Sandra: Joachim of Fiore: a study in spiritual perception and history (Bloomington, Indiana 1983).

A detailed and helpful study of Joachim’s teachings (with bibliography).

McGINN, Bernard : The Calabrian Abbot: Joachim of Fiore in the History of Western Thought (New York 1985).

He sets Joachim’s use of symbols, emphasis on the Trinity, interpretation of the Apocalypse, et al. in the context of earlier Christian thought (with bibliography).

WESSLEY, Stephen E.: Joachim of Fiore and Monastic Reform (American University Studies series VII: Theology and Religion, no.72) (New York 1990).

Joachim’s and the Florensians’ expectations of his order, with a chapter on whether the Super Hieremiam could be a Florensian work (with bibliography).

d’ELIA, Francesco: Gioacchino da Fiore: un maestro della civiltà europea (Soveria Mannelli, CZ 1991).

An anthology of extracts from Joachim’s works, in Latin and translated into Italian, with a biography and 4 illustrations in colour from the Liber Figurarum.

McGINN, Bernard: Ratio and Visio: Reflections on Joachim of Fiore’s Place in Twelfth-Century Theology;

IN : RUSCONI, Roberto (ed.) : Gioacchino da Fiore tra Bernardo di Clairvaux e Innocenzo III (Atti del 5° Congresso internazionale di studi gioachimiti, San Giovanni in Fiore 1999) (Centro Internazionale di Studi Gioachimiti: Opere di Gioacchino da fiore: testi e strumenti, 13) (Roma 2001) pp.27-46.

A short study of Joachim’s Dialogi de praescientia Dei et praedestinatione electorum, emphasising Joachim’s belief that both reason and revelation are needed to understand God’s unfolding revelation of the utterly rational divine plan for world history.

DANIEL, E. Randoph: A New Understanding of Joachim: the Concords, the Exile and the Exodus;

IN : RUSCONI, Roberto (ed.): Gioacchino tra Bernardo e Innocenzo (see above) pp.209-222.

Using the Liber Concordiae, this article gives some very detailed parallels that Joachim saw between stories in the Bible and what were for him either recent events or monastic expectations.

LERNER, Robert E.: The Feast of St. Abraham: Medieval Millenarians and the Jews (Philadelphia 2001).

The book begins with a study of Joachim and the role he gives to the Jews.  The author thinks that Joachim’s father may have converted from Judaism.


BIGNAMI-ODIER, Jeanne : Notes sur deux manuscrits de la Bibliothèque du Vatican contenant des traités inédits de Joachim de Flore;

IN : École Française de Rome: Mélanges d’archéologie et d’histoire, vol.54 (Paris 1937) pp.211-241.

The works in question are the Universis Christi Fidelibus and the Epistola subsequentium figurarum.

SAXL, F.: A Spiritual Encyclopaedia of the later Middle Ages;

IN : Journal of the Warburg & Courtauld Institutes, vol.5 (London 1942) pp.82-142.

This article refers, among other comments, to the Corpus Christi manuscript of the Liber Figurarum.

REEVES, Marjorie E.: The ‘Liber Figurarum’ of Joachim of Fiore;

IN : Medieval and Renaissance Studies, vol.2 (London 1950) pp.57-81.

This is a study of the earliest manuscript and its importance (with illustrations).

TONDELLI, Leone, REEVES, Marjorie E. & HIRSCH-REICH, Beatrice: Il Libro delle Figure dell’Abate Gioachino da Fiore (Torino 1953) vol.2.

Vol.2 contains beautiful facsimiles in colour of the illustrations, together with a simplified reproduction of each figure and its text, with comments in English.

REEVES, Marjorie E. & HIRSCH-REICH, Beatrice : The ‘Figurae’ of Joachim of Fiore: Genuine and Spurious Collections;

IN : Medieval and Renaissance Studies, vol.3 (London 1954) pp.170-199.

A review of all the manuscripts of the Book of Joachim’s Illustrations.

REEVES, Marjorie E.: The ‘Arbores’ of Joachim of Fiore;

IN : Studies in Italian history presented to Miss E.M.JAMISON, Papers of the British School at Rome, vol.24 (=new ser.,vol.11(XI)) pp.124-136.

An elucidation of the different symbolic trees in the Liber Figurarum with illustrations.

REEVES, Marjorie E. & HIRSCH-REICH, Beatrice: The ‘Figurae’ of Joachim of Fiore (Oxford 1972).

The writers make a comprehensive and detailed analysis of all Joachim’s illustrations, their meaning, their sources and their later development (with illustrations and bibliography).

THOMPSON, A.: A Reinterpretation of Joachim of Fiore’s Dispositio Novi Ordinis from the Liber Figurarum;

IN : Cîteaux: commentarii cistercienses, vol.33 (Achel, Belgïe 1982) pp.195-205.

He sets out to demonstrate that this figura of the New Jerusalem shows the new ecclesiastical order, which will be necessary, at the end of the second status, to prepare for the third.

WESSLEY, Stephen : A new writing of Joachim of Fiore: preliminary observations;

IN : WILKS, Michael (ed.): Prophecy and Eschatology (Studies in Church History: Subsidia no.10) (Oxford 1994) pp.15-27.

Using the Zwettl manuscript of the Epistola subsequentium figurarum, he argues that the letter is a genuine work by Joachim.


REEVES, Marjorie E.: The Abbot Joachim’s Disciples and the Cistercian order;

IN : Sophia, vol.19 (Padova 1951) pp.355-371.

She argues that early Joachite activity was concentrated in Cistercian and Florensian houses, and only later spread to the Franciscans.

BLOOMFIELD, Morton W. & REEVES, Marjorie E.: The Penetration of Joachism into Northern Europe;

IN : Speculum, vol.29 (Cambridge, Mass. 1954) pp.772-793.

They gather most of the known evidence about Joachim’s influence north of the Alps.

REEVES, Marjorie E.: The Influence of Prophecy in the Later Middle Ages: a study in Joachimism (Oxford 1969).

This is a magisterial work on the importance, and the extensive ramifications, of Joachim’s exegetical and prophetic interpretation of world history, and the influence that he exerted long after his death (with bibliography).

WEST, Delno C. (ed.): Joachim of Fiore in Christian Thought: essays on the influence of the Calabrian Prophet (New York 1975) 2 vols.

This is a collection of essays and articles that have been written in English over the previous 25 years.

REEVES, Marjorie E.: The Originality and Influence of Joachim of Fiore;

IN : Traditio, studies in ancient and medieval history, thought and religion, vol.36 (New York 1980) pp.269-316.

Having looked at those who sought to find patterns of history before Joachim, including Honorius, Gerhoh von Reichersberg, Anselmus et al., she then studied those who came after Joachim, to demonstrate the tremendous impact of his ideas.

BLOOMFIELD, Morton W.: Recent scholarship on Joachim of Fiore and his influence;

IN : WILLIAMS, Ann (ed.): Prophecy and Millenarianism: Essays in honour of Marjorie REEVES (Harlow, Essex 1980) pp.21-52.

He updates his earlier articles and compiles a bibliography.

LERNER, Robert E. :  Joachim and the Scholastics;

IN : RUSCONI, Roberto (ed.) : Gioacchino da Fiore tra Bernardo di Clairvaux e Innocenzo III (Atti del 5° Congresso internazionale di studi gioachimiti, San Giovanni in Fiore 1999) (Centro Internazionale di Studi Gioachimiti: Opere di Gioacchino da fiore: testi e strumenti, 13) (Roma 2001) pp.251-264.

On Joachim’s criticism of Petrus Lombardus, and Petrus Cantor’s criticism of Joachim.


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